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Country of Origin Cultivation Extraction Methods Plant Part(s) Botanical Family
Madagascar Wildcrafted Steam Distilled
  • Dried Fruit
Piperaceae
AromasNotes Chemical Families Therapeutic Properties
  • Dry
  • Fresh
  • Spicy
  • Warm and Radiant
  • Woodsy
  • Middle
  • Monoterpenes
  • Sesquiterpenes
  • Analgesic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antibacterial
  • Antiemetic
  • Digestive stimulant
  • Expectorant
  • Febrifuge
  • Rubefacient
Featured Book
Essential Living

Essential Living

Starting At $15.95
Learn More
  • Battaglia S. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. 2nd edition, The International Centre of Holistic Aromatherapy, Australia, 2003
  • Price S. Aromatherapy for Health Professionals, Churchill Livingstone, 1995
  • Tisserand R. The Art of Aromatherapy, Healing Arts Press, USA, 1977
Shelf Life

4years

Safety & Warnings

The chemistry of black pepper can vary considerably based on the source. The hot and spicy nature of the oil may cause skin irritation. Use in 1% dilution when applying to the skin in massage oils. Not recommended for use in baths. Store well, as the limonene, alpha-pinene, delta-3-carene content leaves it vulnerable to oxidizing. Once oxidized, it is even more likely to cause serious skin irritation or sensitization.

Current Batch
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